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Relationship Between Smokers' Modes of Entry Into Quitlines and Treatment Outcomes

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Abstract:

Objectives: To assess the relationship between the mode of entry into a quitline service and subsequent tobacco use treatment outcomes. Methods: A retrospective study using logistic regression analysis of 11,040 Arizona Smokers' Helpline (ASHLine) clients was conducted to determine whether self- or medical referrals were related to 7- and 30-day point prevalence tobacco treatment outcomes at 7 months postquit. Results: Smokers referred to the ASHLine by a health care provider were more likely to quit smoking than were those who self-referred. Conclusions: Mode of entry into a quitline service for smoking cessation is related to treatment outcomes. Reasons for this outcome are uncertain and require additional research.

Keywords: QUITLINE; REFERRAL FOR SERVICES; SMOKING; SMOKING CESSATION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.36.1.1

Affiliations: 1: Research Associate, Arizona Cancer Center, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ;, Email: mguy@email.arizona.edu 2: Manager of Evaluation, Arizona Smokers' Helpline, University of Arizona, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, Tucson, AZ 3: Manager of Clinical Services, Arizona Smokers' Helpline, University of Arizona, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, Tucson, AZ 4: Graduate Research Assistant, University of Arizona, Arizona Respiratory Center, Tucson, AZ 5: Director, Arizona Smokers' Helpline, University of Arizona, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, Tucson, AZ 6: Professor, Arizona Cancer Center; University of Arizona, College of Medicine, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Tucson, AZ

Publication date: January 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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