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Design, Baseline Results of Irbid Longitudinal, School-based Smoking Study

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Objective: To compare patterns of water pipe and cigarette smoking in an eastern Mediterranean country. Methods: In 2008, 1781 out of 1877 seventh graders enrolled in 19 randomly selected schools in Irbid, Jordan, were surveyed. Results: Experimentation with and current water pipe smoking were more prevalent than cigarette smoking (boys: 38.7% vs 26.8%; 20.2% vs 9.0%, girls: 21.2% vs 9.5%; and 7.5% vs 2.3%, P<0.05 for all). Parent- and peer-smoking correlated more strongly with water pipe than with cigarette smoking. Conclusion: Water-pipe smoking is more prevalent than cigarette smoking at this early age.


Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN; Syrian Center for Tobacco Studies, Aleppo, Syria 2: Department of Community Medicine, Public Health and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science, Irbid 3: Institute for Drug and Alcohol Studies, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA; Syrian Center for Tobacco Studies, Aleppo, Syria 4: Division of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN; Syrian Center for Tobacco Studies, Aleppo, Syria

Publication date: November 1, 2011

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

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