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Gender, Acculturation, Food Patterns, and Overweight in Korean Immigrants

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Abstract:

Objective: To describe acculturation, food patterns, overweight, and gender differences among Korean immigrants in the United States. Methods: A cross-sectional exploratory survey assessed acculturation, food frequencies, and weight status of 195 Korean immigrants. Results: Acculturated Korean immigrants (score ≥2.5) were more likely to consume both healthy and unhealthy US foods. Acculturation was not associated with overweight. Men were more likely to be acculturated (OR=2.46; CI=1.26-4.79) and overweight (OR=5.08; CI=2.37–10.90) than women. Moreover, overweight men reported more frequent consumption of fast foods, hot dogs (OR=2.92;CI=1.18-7.22), and tacos (OR=4.12;CI=1.60-10.62) than did nonoverweight men. Conclusion: Dietary interventions in Korean immigrants should take gender differences in acculturation and food patterns into account.

Keywords: ACCULTURATION; FOOD; GENDER; KOREAN IMMIGRANTS; OVERWEIGHT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.35.6.9

Affiliations: 1: Department of Family, Nutrition and Exercise Sciences, Queens College of City University of New York, Flushing, NY 2: Korea 3: Department of Health Sciences, Vrije University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Publication date: November 1, 2011

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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