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Variables Associated With Fruit and Vegetable Intake in Adolescents

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Abstract:

Objectives: To assess individual, social, and family environmental factors related to fruit and vegetable intake among white and black adolescents aged 11-15 years (n=736).

Methods: Self-report questionnaire.

Results: Preferences, availability at home, family dinner frequency, snack choice, self-efficacy, modeling, normative beliefs, and social outcome expectations were significant associates of fruit and vegetable intake. Multivariate models indicated that these associations varied by categories of intake. Availability was the most consistent associate whereas fruit preference, availability, family dinner frequency, and self-efficacy were the strongest associates.

Conclusions: Results highlight the important influence of the family environment on fruit and vegetable intake.

Keywords: ADOLESCENT; FRUIT; SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORY; VEGETABLE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.35.5.8

Publication date: 2011-09-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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