The Theory of Planned Behavior and Helmet Use Among College Students

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Abstract:

Objectives: To assess undergraduate helmet use attitudes and behaviors in accordance with the theory of planned behavior (TPB). We predicted helmet wearers and nonwearers would differ on our subscales.

Methods: Participants (N=414, 69% female, 84% white) completed a survey.

Results: Principal component analysis and reliability analysis guided the creation of subscales. Group differences were detected on 9 of 10 subscales: F(18,788) = 10.721, P=.001, eta2 = .187. Few ethnicity and sex differences were detected.

Conclusions: This study supports the validity of the TPB in predicting college student helmet use and offers a new scale for future research purposes.

Keywords: BICYCLE HELMET; BICYCLING; SAFETY; THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.35.5.7

Publication date: September 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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