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Emergency Department-Initiated Tobacco Dependence Treatment

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Abstract:

Objective: To examine the feasibility of a fax referral program to increase enrollment in tobacco dependence treatment in emergency department (ED) patients.

Methods: The control group received quit advice and printed information; the intervention group also received a faxed referral that generated telephone contacts.

Results: Treatment enrollment was higher in the intervention group (13.5% vs 2.7%). Only the faxed referral was associatedwith treatment enrollment.

Conclusions: An ED intervention is feasible. Faxed referral resulted in a 5-fold increase in tobacco treatment enrollment. The ED may be an opportune setting to facilitate smoking-cessation behavior change among lower income, underserved patients.

Keywords: EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT; MINORITY GROUPS; POVERTY; PUBLIC HEALTH; SMOKING; SMOKING CESSATION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.35.5.4

Publication date: September 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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