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Men's Knowledge and Beliefs About Colorectal Cancer and 3 Screenings: Education, Race, and Screening Status

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Abstract:

Objective: To compare how education, race, and screening status affected men's knowledge about colorectal cancer and their views of 3 screenings: the fecal occult blood test (FOBT), sigmoidoscopy, and colonoscopy.

Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 65 African American and white men with diverse education backgrounds with similar numbers screened and unscreened.

Results: Education was associated with knowledge about colorectal cancer and the colonoscopy. Screening status and education were related to FOBT knowledge. Men knew little about the sigmoidoscopy.

Conclusion: Intervention programs should tailor education about colorectal cancer and screening by educational attainment levels, not by race.

Keywords: AFRICAN-AMERICAN; COLORECTAL CANCER; COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING; HEALTH DISPARITIES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.35.5.2

Publication date: 2011-09-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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