Exercise Engagement Is Differentially Motivated by Age-Dependent Factors

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Objectives: To examine exercise engagement motives from adolescence throughout the adult life span using the Exercise Motivation Inventory 2 questionnaire. Methods: Two hundred fifty-five (255) participants, 13 – 84 years and equally representing both genders, were grouped by age and sex. Results: An age-dependent engagement in voluntary exercise was observed. Young adults engage in exercise based on interpersonal motives, whereas exercise engagement in middle age is associated with body-related motives and psychological motives. Health motives influence exercise engagement beyond middle age whereas fitness motives underpin exercise engagement throughout the life span beyond childhood. Conclusions: Data indicate age-dependent motivational factors for exercise engagement that may hold important implications for exercise adherence and engagement strategies.


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2011

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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