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Comparing Intervention Strategies Among Rural, Low SES, Young Adult Tobacco Users

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Objective : To evaluate 3-month tobacco quit rates of young adult tobacco users randomized to 2 intervention conditions.

Methods : Overall 192 non-treatment-seeking 18-to-24-year-old tobacco users received educational information and advice to quit smoking. Participants were then block randomized to 2 brief intervention conditions: (1) a telephone quitline (TQ) N90; or (2) a brief direct treatment intervention (BDTI) N102.

Results : A 90-day follow-up evaluation found that 19.6 of BDTI and 10.2 of TQ participants reported 30-day point prevalence tobacco quit rates (chi-square 2.37, P.09).

Conclusions : BDTI can help non-treatment-seeking, low SES, young adult tobacco users quit smoking.

Keywords: brief intervention; cessation; randomization; recruitment; tobacco

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1 Associate Professor, School of Social Work, Temple University, Harrisburg, PA.

Publication date: March 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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