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Interactive Social Cognitive Model of Leisure-Time Physical Activity in Mid to Late Life

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Objective : To examine the interactive effects of exercise identity (EI) and outcome expectations (OE) on constraints, constraint self-regulation, and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA).

Methods : Surveyed a convenience sample of middle-aged and older adults (N = 271) at a metropolitan park agency in the Midwest.

Results : The final reduced model predicted 24 of the variance in LTPA, including an indirect effect of EI x OE through intrapersonal constraints.

Conclusion : Results suggest that these social cognitive factors are useful in understanding low to high-intensity LTPA and have implications for LTPA programs for adults aged 50 and older.

Keywords: hierarchical constraints; interpersonal coordination; skill acquisition; time management

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1 Assistant Professor, Department of Recreation, Sport and Tourism, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL.

Publication date: January 1, 2011

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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