Objectives: To test for differences in stress-induced cardiovascular functioning among hypertensive and normotensive African American (AA) smokers. Methods: Participants (n = 35) were exposed to both stress and neutral mood inductions. Results:
Repeated measures analyses of covariance produced a significant group x mood condition interaction for systolic blood pressure (P = .048), but not for diastolic blood pressure (P > .05). The most notable finding was that AA hypertensive smokers showed selectively greater elevations in their
systolic responses compared with normotensive controls following the laboratory-induced stressor. Conclusions: Implications to an elevated risk of future cardiovascular disease among AA hypertensive smokers are discussed.
1 Graduate Student, Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE.
Publication date: January 1, 2011
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