Stress-Induced Cardiovascular Reactivity Among African American Smokers

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Abstract:

Objectives : To test for differences in stress-induced cardiovascular functioning among hypertensive and normotensive African American (AA) smokers.

Methods : Participants (n = 35) were exposed to both stress and neutral mood inductions.

Results : Repeated measures analyses of covariance produced a significant group x mood condition interaction for systolic blood pressure (P = .048), but not for diastolic blood pressure (P > .05). The most notable finding was that AA hypertensive smokers showed selectively greater elevations in their systolic responses compared with normotensive controls following the laboratory-induced stressor.

Conclusions : Implications to an elevated risk of future cardiovascular disease among AA hypertensive smokers are discussed.

Keywords: African Americans; hypertension; smoking; stress

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.35.1.5

Affiliations: 1 Graduate Student, Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE.

Publication date: January 1, 2011

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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