Stress-Induced Cardiovascular Reactivity Among African American Smokers
Abstract:Objectives : To test for differences in stress-induced cardiovascular functioning among hypertensive and normotensive African American (AA) smokers.
Methods : Participants (n = 35) were exposed to both stress and neutral mood inductions.
Results : Repeated measures analyses of covariance produced a significant group x mood condition interaction for systolic blood pressure (P = .048), but not for diastolic blood pressure (P > .05). The most notable finding was that AA hypertensive smokers showed selectively greater elevations in their systolic responses compared with normotensive controls following the laboratory-induced stressor.
Conclusions : Implications to an elevated risk of future cardiovascular disease among AA hypertensive smokers are discussed.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1 Graduate Student, Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE.
Publication date: 2011-01-01
The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.
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