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A Qualitative Case Study Examining Intervention Tailoring for Minorities

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Abstract:

Objectives : To explore issues of intervention tailoring for ethnic minorities based on information and experiences shared by researchers affiliated with the Health Maintenance Consortium (HMC).

Methods : A qualitative case study methodology was used with the administration of a survey (n 17 principal investigators) and follow-up telephone interviews. Descriptive and content analyses were conducted, and a synthesis of the findings was developed.

Results : A majority of the HMC projects used individual tailoring strategies regardless of the ethnic background of participants. Follow-up interview findings indicated that key considerations in the process of intervention tailoring for minorities included formative research; individually oriented adaptations; and intervention components that were congruent with participants' demographics, cultural norms, and social context.

Conclusions : Future research should examine the extent to which culturally tailoring long-term maintenance interventions for ethnic minorities is efficacious and should be pursued as an effective methodology to reduce health disparities.

Keywords: cultural; disparities; ethnic minorities; tailoring

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.34.6.16

Affiliations: 1 Associate Professor, Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Rural Public Health, McAllen Campus, Texas A&M Health Science, McAllen, TX.

Publication date: November 1, 2010

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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