Long-term Fruit and Vegetable Change in Worksites: Seattle 5 A Day Follow-up
Authors: Beresford, Shirley A.A.; Thompson, Beti; Bishop, Sonia; Macintyre, Jessica; McLerran, Dale; Yasui, Yutaka
Source: American Journal of Health Behavior, Volume 34, Number 6, November 2010 , pp. 707-720(14)
Publisher: PNG Publications
Abstract:Objective : To evaluate long-term change in fruit and vegetable intake following a group randomized trial of worksites.
Methods : Medium-sized blue-collar businesses in the Seattle metropolitan area were recruited. Intake was assessed using serial cross-sectional samples of current workforce at 3 time points. The multilevel 18-month intervention involved partnership with the companies. Long-term follow-up was at 4.4 years postbaseline. Statistical analysis used general linear models, adjusting for worksite random effects.
Results : Initially, 45 worksites were randomized, with 29 agreeing to participate in a new study. Fruits and vegetable intake increased, with larger sustained changes in the intervention worksites, resulting in a long-term differential change of 0.25 servings per day, 95 confidence interval (0.09 to 0.40).
Conclusions : Intervention sustained small effects at 4 years, including 2 years with no contact. Although effects were not large, this low-intensity intervention approach could provide an important public health model.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1 Professor, Department of Epidemiology, Department of Health Services, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
Publication date: 2010-11-01
- The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.
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