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Smoking Cessation Among Sheltered Homeless: A Pilot

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Objective : To test the feasibility and effect of a smoking cessation intervention among sheltered homeless.

Methods : Homeless smokers were enrolled in a 12-week group counseling program plus pharmacotherapy (n 58).

Results : The mean number of sessions attended was 7.2; most participants used at least one type of medication (67); and 75 completed 12-week end-of-treatment surveys. Carbon-monoxide-verified abstinence rates at 12 and 24 weeks were 15.5 and 13.6 respectively.

Conclusion : Results support the feasibility of enrolling and retaining sheltered homeless in a smoking cessation program. Counseling plus pharmacotherapy options may be effective in helping sheltered homeless smokers quit.

Keywords: cognitive behavioral therapy; homeless; motivational interviewing; nicotine addiction; smoking cessation

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1 Clinical Associate Professor, New York University College of Dentistry and School of Medicine, New York, NY.

Publication date: September 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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