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Participatory Research for Chronic Disease Prevention in Inuit Communities

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Abstract:

Objective : To develop a community-based chronic disease prevention program for Inuit in Nunavut, Canada.

Methods : Stake-holders contributed to intervention development through formative research (in-depth interviews (n 45), dietary recalls (n 42)), community workshops, group feedback and implementation training.

Results : Key cultural themes included the perceived healthiness of country foods, food sharing, and importance of family. During community workshops, key problem foods for intervention were identified as well as healthier culturally and economically acceptable alternatives for these foods. Behaviors for promotion were identified and prioritized.

Conclusions : This approach resulted in project acceptance, stakeholder collaboration, and a culturally appropriate program in stores, worksites, and other community venues.

Keywords: Inuit; chronic disease; community participation; food store intervention; formative research

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.34.4.7

Affiliations: 1 Professor, Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD.

Publication date: July 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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