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Viva Bien: Overcoming Recruitment Challenges in a Multiple-Risk-Factor Diabetes Trial

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Objectives : To describe recruitment of Latinas in a randomized clinical trial conducted within 2 health care organizations.

Methods : The study relied on project-initiated telephone calls as part of a multifaceted recruitment approach. Chi-square and t tests were conducted to compare participants and nonparticipants on a number of variables.

Results : From 4045 telephone contacts, 280 Latinas agreed to participate. Most were ineligible due to non-Latino ethnicity (89). Of eligible candidates, 61 took part. Few significant differences were found on participant vs nonparticipant characteristics.

Conclusions : Using appropriate recruitment procedures, a representative sample of Latinas can be obtained.

Keywords: Latinas; diabetes; heart disease; multiple health behaviors; participation

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1 Senior Research Scientist, Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR.

Publication date: July 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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