Smoking by Frequency and Type of Social Contact

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Objectives: To compare smoking by frequency and type of social contact.

Methods: Respondents aged 20 years or older from NHANES III were analyzed using multivariate logistic models (N 15,499).

Results: Among the levels and types of social contact, frequency of church attendance was the only type of social contact associated with lower likelihood of smoking (OR 0.68, 95 CI 0.64, 0.72). Other types of contact were either not associated or were associated with higher probabilities of smoking.

Conclusions: Frequent church attendance appears to protect the most from smoking relative to other types of social contact.

Keywords: serum cotinine; smoking; social networks; social support

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Assistant Professor, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX.

Publication date: May 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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