Adolescent Sleep, Risk Behaviors, and Depressive Symptoms: Are They Linked?

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Abstract:

Objective : To explore how weekday and weekend sleep patterns are related to adolescent substance use, depressive symptoms, and school truancy.

Methods : Selfreport surveys of 242 youth (93.4 white, mean age 16.4 years).

Results : Longer weekday sleep duration was inversely associated with depressive symptoms, past month alcohol use, and drunkenness. Later weekend bedtime and wake-times, compared to those of weekdays, were associated with increased substance use and truancy.

Conclusions : Weekday sleep duration appears to be protective for substance use, depression and school truancy for teenagers. However, inconsistent sleep patterns between weekdays and weekends were associated with a range of markers for adolescent risk.

Keywords: adolescents; depressive symptoms; risk behaviors; sleep

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.34.2.11

Publication date: March 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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