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Predictors of Weapon Carrying in Youth Attending Drop-in Centers

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Objective : To test and compare 2 predictive models of weapon carrying in youth (n 308) recruited from 4 drop-in centers in San Diego and Imperial counties.

Methods : Both models were based on the Behavioral Ecological Model (BEM).

Results : The first and second models significantly explained 39 and 53 of the variance in weapon carrying, respectively, and both full models shared the significant predictors of being black(), being Hispanic (), peer modeling of weapon carrying/jail time (), and school suspensions ().

Conclusions : Results suggest that the BEM offers a generalizable conceptual model that may inform prevention strategies for youth at greatest risk of weapon carrying.
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Keywords: adolescents; drop-in centers; protective factors; risk factors; weapon carrying

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1 Adjunct Assistant Professor, Center for Behavioral Epidemiology and Community Health, Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA.

Publication date: 01 November 2009

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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