Social Support and Companionship Among Active African American Women
Abstract:Objective : To examine the role of physical activity (PA) companions in supporting PA participation among African American women.
Methods : Data were collected through in-depth interviews and focus groups. Fifteen physically active African American women participated in the study. Grounded theory data analysis techniques were used to develop a taxonomy depicting roles of PA companions for African American women.
Results : PA companions functioned in 4 different roles: motivational, social, facilitative, and instructional. Supportive behaviors associated with each role were also elucidated.
Conclusions : These findings provide an understanding for the function of companions in sustaining active lifestyle that can be used to inform intervention development.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1 Assistant Professor, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, College of Health Sciences, Center for Urban Population Health, Milwaukee, WI.
Publication date: November 1, 2009
The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.
The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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