Measuring Injury Risk Perceptions: Feasibility of a Risk Estimation Scale

Authors: Will, Kelli England; Lorek, Edward J.; Sabo, Cynthia Shier; Kidd, David G.

Source: American Journal of Health Behavior, Volume 33, Number 6, November 2009 , pp. 639-649(11)

Publisher: PNG Publications

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Objectives : To develop a scale for measuring parental perceptions of childhood injury risk.

Methods : The Worry Assessment and Risk Estimation (WARE) Scale was administered to 256 parents/guardians to examine reliability, factor structure, and perception of risk.

Results : The WARE Scale has high internal consistency reliability ( .89). Parents underestimated scenarios with high injury/death rates and overestimated scenarios with low injury/death rates.

Conclusions : Risk estimation measures such as the WARE Scale have great potential as research tools and may be modified to suit researchers' needs.

Keywords: childhood injury; parental concern; perception of risk; risk estimation; scale development

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1 Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Community Health and Research, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA.

Publication date: November 1, 2009

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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