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Validation of Self-Report on Smoking Among University Students in Korea

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Objective : To validate the self-reported smoking status of Korean university students.

Methods : Subjects included 322 Korean university in Korea, who participated in an annual health screening. Data on smoking were collected through a self-reported questionnaire and urine test. The data were analyzed by the McNemar test.

Results : In the consistency test for males, the results from the questionnaire and the urine test were in agreement, but for females, there was a significant difference between the results reported by the 2 tests (P=.001).

Conclusions : The findings showed that Korean female university students considerably underreported their smoking behavior.

Keywords: self-report; smoking; university students; urine cotinine

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1 Professor, Nursing Policy Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Nursing, Seoul, Korea.

Publication date: September 1, 2009

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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