Self-efficacy Moderates the Mediation of Intentions Into Behavior via Plans
Authors: Lippke, Sonia; Wiedemann, Amelie U.; Ziegelmann, Jochen P.; Reuter, Tabea; Schwarzer, Ralf
Source: American Journal of Health Behavior, Volume 33, Number 5, September 2009 , pp. 521-529(9)
Publisher: PNG Publications
Abstract:Objective: To examine the putative moderating role of self-efficacy in the intention-planning-behavior relationship.Methods: In N812 individuals, intentions (independent variable) were assessed at baseline, whereas action plans (mediator), self-efficacy (moderator), and physical activity (dependent variable) were measured again 4 weeks later. We examined a moderated-mediation model.Results: Self-efficacy moderates the mediation process: the strength of the mediated effect increased along with levels of self-efficacy. The results remain valid after accounting for baseline physical activity.Conclusions: For plans to mediate the intention-behavior relation, people must hold sufficiently high levels of self-efficacy. If they lack self-efficacy, planning may be in vain.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2009-09-01
- The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.
The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Review Board
- Reprints and Permissions
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites