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College Student Invulnerability Beliefs and HIV Vaccine Acceptability

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Objective : To examine behavioral history, beliefs, and vaccine characteristics as predictors of HIV vaccine acceptability.

Methods : Two hundred forty-five US undergraduates were surveyed regarding their sexual history, risk beliefs, and likelihood of accepting hypothetical HIV vaccines.

Results : Multivariate regression analysis indicated that vaccine acceptability was predicted by lifetime sexual partners, high perceived HIV susceptibility, low danger invulnerability, and high psychological invulnerability. Low perceived risk was associated with basing decisions on vaccine cost.

Conclusions : HIV vaccine acceptability was predicted by behavioral risk and perceived HIV susceptibility, but also by general feelings of invulnerability to physical and psychological harm.

Keywords: HIV; invulnerability; susceptibility; vaccine

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1 Assistant Professor, Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO.

Publication date: July 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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