Can Individuals Meet Multiple Physical Activity and Dietary Behavior Goals

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Objectives : To examine whether participants with the most behavioral goals to achieve were more likely to meet more goals than those given fewer goals.

Methods : Eight hundred ten participants were randomly assigned to advice-only, established guidelines for blood pressure control (reduced sodium, increased physical activity), or established guidelines plus the DASH diet (increased fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy, reduced fat).

Results : At 6 months, 11.7 of Advice-Only, 19.3 of Established, and 44.6 of Established plus DASH met at least 3 goals (P<0.0001). At 18 months, 33.5 of Established plus DASH met at least 3 goals.

Conclusions : Those with the most goals to achieve reached the most goals.

Keywords: DASH dietary pattern; blood pressure; health behaviors; physical activity

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1 Professor and Chair, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Maryland School of Public Health, College Park, MD.

Publication date: May 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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