Skip to main content

College Students' Motivation to Achieve and Maintain a Healthy Weight

Buy Article:

$39.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Objectives : To develop and refine a scale of motivational factors related to healthy weight achievement and maintenance and to examine differences by gender and weight status.

Methods : A cross-sectional survey of 300 university students aged 18-24 years.

Results : Factor analysis yielded 6 factorsIntrinsic (Cronbach's 0.73): affective motivation, self-efficacy/interest; Extrinsic (Cronbach's 0.68): social reward, peer pressure, lack of choice, and authority influence. Males and normal-weight students showed higher affective motivation and overall intrinsic motivation compared to females and overweight students, (P<.001).

Conclusion : Intrinsic motivational factors and gender differences should be considered in developing obesity prevention interventions in this age-group.

Keywords: college students; motivation; obesity; overweight; weight maintenance

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1 Health Program Coordinator, Office of Special Health Issues, Food and Drug Administration, Rockville MD.

Publication date: May 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Review Board
  • Reprints and Permissions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more