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Development of a Drug Use Resistance Self-efficacy (DURSE) Scale

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Objectives: To develop and evaluate psychometric properties of a new instrument, the drug use resistance self-efficacy (DURSE) scale, designed for young adolescents.

Methods: Scale construction occurred in 3 phases: (1) initial development, (2) pilot testing of preliminary items, and (3) final scale administration among a sample of seventh graders (n223) to exmaine psychometric properties.

Results: DURSE items appeared to tap a unique dimension of resistance self-efficacy. Initial psychometric properties of the scale were satisfactory.

Conclusions: The DURSE scale may offer an opportunity to measure important, as yet untapped, constructs related to adolescents' abilities to refuse substance use in social contexts.

Keywords: adolescents; drug use; psychometrics; resistance self-efficacy

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1 Research Scientist, Division of Public Health Practice, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA.

Publication date: March 1, 2009

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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