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Collegiates' Intention and Confidence to Intervene into Others' Drinking

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Objectives : To examine variable frequencies and relationships between students' intentions and confidence with their intervention.

Methods : Incoming freshmen (509 of 1155 students responded) completed a survey 2 months into college.

Results : Most (75.2) students intervened into others' drinking, usually as a caretaker. Students reported more intention to intervene with others with whom they had more affiliation, and confidence with less intrusive intervention. Intention to intervene (b=0.36, SE=0.10, P<0.001) and intervention confidence (b=0.27, SE=0.06, P<0.001) correlated with intervention.

Conclusions : With education to enhance their intention and confidence to intervene, first-year college students might be encouraged to intervene into others' social drinking.
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Keywords: college students; confidence; heavy drinking; intention; intervention behaviors

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1 Professor, Department of Public and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

Publication date: 2009-01-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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