Adolescent Health Behavior, Contentment in School, and Academic Achievement

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Abstract:

Objectives : To examine the association between health behavior indicators, school contentment, and academic achievement.

Methods : Structural equation modeling with 5810 adolescents.

Results : Our model explained 36 of the variance in academic achievement and 24 in school contentment. BMI and sedentary lifestyle were negatively related to school contentment and academic achievement, but physical activity was positively related to school contentment and academic achievement (P< .01). School contentment was strongly related to academic achievement but only a weak mediator of the health behavior indicators.

Conclusion : Findings may inform the efforts to improve academic achievement and the general health status of youth.

Keywords: academic achievement; adolescence; health behavior; school health

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.33.1.7

Affiliations: 1 Researcher and Lecturer, Reykjavik University, Centre for Social Research and Analysis, School of Health and Education, Reykjavik, Iceland and Karolinska Institute, Department of Oncology-Pathology, Division of Clinical Cancer Epidemiology, Stockholm, Sweden.

Publication date: January 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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