Cue-Evoked Positive Affect, Depression Vulnerability and Smoking Years
Abstract:Objectives : To evaluate whether cue-evoked affective response would moderate the relationship between depression-proneness and smoking years.
Methods : Depression-proneness profiles were derived using clinician diagnosed personal and family histories of major depression, recurrent depression, trait-anhedonia, and ruminative coping styles (n=70). Affective distress was produced by idiographic, guided negative mood imageries in the presence of an in vivo cigarette exposure.
Results : Contrary to expectations, results showed that individuals less vulnerable to depression reported longer smoking histories. Stressinduced decreases in positive affect bolstered the association between depression vulnerability and smoking years.
Conclusion : Depression-proneness assumptions are challenged and implications to affective influences on smoking behavior are discussed.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1 Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE.
Publication date: 2009-01-01
The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.
The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Review Board
- Reprints and Permissions
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites