Cue-Evoked Positive Affect, Depression Vulnerability and Smoking Years

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Abstract:

Objectives : To evaluate whether cue-evoked affective response would moderate the relationship between depression-proneness and smoking years.

Methods : Depression-proneness profiles were derived using clinician diagnosed personal and family histories of major depression, recurrent depression, trait-anhedonia, and ruminative coping styles (n=70). Affective distress was produced by idiographic, guided negative mood imageries in the presence of an in vivo cigarette exposure.

Results : Contrary to expectations, results showed that individuals less vulnerable to depression reported longer smoking histories. Stressinduced decreases in positive affect bolstered the association between depression vulnerability and smoking years.

Conclusion : Depression-proneness assumptions are challenged and implications to affective influences on smoking behavior are discussed.

Keywords: affect; depression; smoking; vulnerability

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.33.1.5

Affiliations: 1 Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE.

Publication date: January 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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