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A Comparison of Health-Risk Behaviors of Rural Migrants With Rural Residents and Urban Residents in China

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Objective : To determine whether rural-to-urban migrants in China are more likely than rural and urban residents to engage in risk behaviors.

Methods : Comparative analysis of survey data between migrants and rural and urban residents using age standardized rate and multiple logistic regression.

Results : The prevalence and frequency of tobacco smoking, alcohol intoxication, and commercial sex involvement among migrants were generally lower than or equal to those among the 2 comparison groups. Gender, education, and income were associated with risk behaviors in most cases.

Conclusion : Socioeconomic status appears to be more important than migration or residential locations in affecting risk behavior.

Keywords: China; HIV/AIDS; alcohol; commercial sex; rural migrants; tobacco

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1 Associate Professor, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI.

Publication date: January 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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