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Analysis of Theory Utilization Among Prenatal HIV-Testing Research

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Objectives : To ascertain extent and quality of theory utilization among published empirical studies specific to prenatal HIV testing.

Methods : Systematic literature search for peer-reviewed articles was performed. Articles with perceived barriers construct to prenatal HIV testing from perspective of potential testees were sought.

Results : Most studies mention constructs, but not specific theory. Few studies clearly reported how operationalized constructs were used within their studies.

Conclusions : Paucity of theory utilization points to a breach of the science in the scientific process. Researchers either failed to adequately use theory or did so but failed to describe how.

Keywords: HIV; barriers; prenatal; test

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1 Doctoral Candidate, Division of Health, Department of Health & Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.

Publication date: November 1, 2008

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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