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Correlates of Physical Activity Among African American and White Women

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Objective : To compare potential correlates of physical activity between African American and white women.

Methods : A random-digit-dialed telephone survey was conducted in central South Carolina. Bivariate and multivariate analyses focused on women aged 18+ (N 1176).

Results : African American women reported greater maintenance of sidewalks and public parks than did white women, who reported higher physical activity, exercise self-efficacy, access to indoor walking facilities, and knowledge of mapped-out walking routes. Exercise self-efficacy was the only significant correlate of physical activity among both African American and white women.

Conclusions : Self-efficacy was a robust cross-sectional correlate of physical activity in women.
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Keywords: environmental supports; physical activity; self-efficacy; women

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1 Research Professor, University of South Carolina, Arnold School of Public Health, Prevention Research Center, Columbia, SC.

Publication date: 2008-11-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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