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Smoking Status and Stages of Change for Dietary Behaviors Among WIC Women

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Objective : To examine whether dietary attitudes and demographics differ based on smoking status among low-income women participating in a dietary intervention.

Methods : Smoking status, stages of change for eating a healthier diet, and dietary intake were examined among 2066 women participating in the Maryland Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Food for Life Program.

Results : Relative to nonsmokers, current smokers reported significantly higher overall calories; higher percentages of calories from fat, sweets, and alcohol; and lower percentage of calories from protein. Never smokers who received the dietary intervention evidenced the greatest dietary changes over time.

Conclusions : Future interventions should consider targeting smoking and diet simultaneously or employ different strategies for smokers and nonsmokers.

Keywords: WIC; dietary intervention; low-income women; smoking status; stages of change

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1 Associate Director of MDQUIT, Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD.

Publication date: November 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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