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The Transtheoretical Model and Exercise Among Individuals Living With HIV

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Objective : To examine the distribution of the stages of change for exercise among individuals living with HIV as well as to identify the differences between the transtheoretical model (TTM) constructs.

Methods : Cross-sectional self-report data were collected from 208 individuals accessing HIV-related care services.

Results : More than half of the sample was in the action and maintenance stages, indicating a higher level of physical activity in this sample than the general population. Furthermore, the patterns of the TTM constructs across stages were consistent with past research.

Conclusions : Stage-matched TTM interventions can be developed for individuals living with HIV.
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Keywords: HIV/AIDS; physical activity; stages of change; transtheoretical model

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1 Assistant Professor, School of Health Sciences, Ohio University, Athens, OH.

Publication date: 01 July 2008

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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