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Social Cognitive Theory Variables Mediation of Moderate Exercise

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Objective : To identify the degree to which the social cognitive theory constructs targeted by the Planning to Be Active Program (PBA) were mediators of moderate-intensity exercise.

Methods : High school students in treatment and comparison groups received activitybased physical education. The treatment group also received PBA, which develops self-regulation skills to promote leisure-time exercise.

Results : PBA increased selfregulation scores, social situation scores, and moderate-intensity exercise. Self-regulation and social situation mediated moderate-intensity exercise at posttest.

Conclusions : As mediators, self-regulation and social situation help explain how PBA produces increases in moderate-intensity exercise.

Keywords: intervention; physical exercise; social cognitive theory

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1 Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education, Denison University, Granville OH.

Publication date: May 1, 2008

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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