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Breast-feeding Intentions Among Low-Income Pregnant and Lactating Women

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Objectives : Provide a better understanding of the process used by low-income pregnant/postpartum women when deciding whether to breast-feed or not.

Methods : Pregnant/postpartum women admitted to an obstetrics floor completed a survey to determine breast-feeding intention (n=88).

Results : Subjects were primarily Hispanic and African American women. Beliefs and referent other were related positively to attitude and subjective norm, respectively. Subjective norm was related positively to intention to breast-feed. Breast-feeding knowledge was low.

Conclusions : Others' opinions clearly influence feeding intentions among this population of low-income women. Inclusion of these significant others, family, and friends within the breast-feeding education process is warranted.

Keywords: Theory of reasoned action; breast-feed; expanded rational expectation intentions model; intention; low-income

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1 Assistant Professor, Department of Nutritional Sciences, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX.

Publication date: March 1, 2008

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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