Self-regulation and Physical Activity: The Relationship in Older Adults
Abstract:Objectives : To examine the relationship between self-regulation and physical activity (PA) in older adults.
Methods : A convenience sample (N=284) of older adults (M age=70.4 years) was surveyed.
Results : Multivariate analyses controlling for self-efficacy and socio-demographic variables revealed that using self-regulatory strategies more extensively, being male, and having better self-report health were significantly related to greater PA engagement. Supportive of a social cognitive perspective, results were also consistent with mediation, where self-regulation partially mediated the relationship between self-efficacy and PA.
Conclusions : Further examination of these relationships using prospective and experimental designs is recommended. Practical implications of these findings are discussed.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1 Assistant Profesor, Department of Health Science, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL.
Publication date: March 1, 2008
The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.
The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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