HIV-positive Smokers Considering Quitting: Differences by Race/Ethnicity
Abstract:Objective : To better characterize smoking in HIV-positive individuals and to identify critical components of a targeted smoking cessation intervention for multiethnic HIV-positive smokers.
Methods : Differences in baseline characteristics of 444 HIV-positive smokers were examined by race, and a multivariate linear regression model evaluated factors associated with nicotine dependence in an HIV-positive population, with a particular emphasis on race/ethnic differences.
Results : Low smoking self-efficacy and higher contemplation of quitting were predictive of greater nicotine dependence. An interaction between age and race was noted, with older Hispanic Americans less likely to be nicotine dependent.
Conclusions : Efforts should be made to tailor smoking cessation intervention content to HIV-positive racial/ethnic minority groups.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1 Assistant Professor, Brown Medical School, The Miriam Hospital, Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, Providence, RI.
Publication date: January 1, 2008
The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.
The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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