Changes in Smoking Behavior Between First and Second Pregnancies
Authors: Hoff, Gerald L.; Cai, Jinwen; Okah, Felix A.; Dew, Paul C.
Source: American Journal of Health Behavior, Volume 31, Number 6, November 2007 , pp. 583-590(8)
Publisher: PNG Publications
Abstract:Objective : To assess changes in maternal smoking behavior at the second pregnancy.
Methods : First and second birth certificates were matched for 5241 white and black mothers in Kansas City, Mo, who had singleton births between 1994 and 2003.
Results : The pregnancy-smoking quit rate was 24.9, and the pregnancy-smoking initiation rate was 4.8.
Conclusion : Twenty-five percent of women who smoked and 5 of women who did not smoke during their first pregnancy changed their behavior during their second pregnancy. These findings reflect a minimal net shift in pregnancy-smoking between pregnancies and support the importance of persistent antismoking socialization that is independent of a pregnant woman's previous pregnancy-smoking status.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: November 1, 2007
- The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.
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