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Socioeconomic Factors and Persistent Racial Disparities in Childhood Vaccination

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Objective : To better understand the effects of socioeconomic factors on racial disparities in childhood vaccination.

Methods : The National Immunization Survey data collected in 1999-2003 among children 19-35 months of age were analyzed using chisquare tests for trends and logistic regression modeling. Statistical significance was based on P<0.05.

Results : When adjusted by mother's education and household income, racial disparities in childhood vaccination were substantially reduced. The adjustment for mother's education reduced the disparity only slightly, but the adjustment for household income had the greater impact.

Conclusions : Research should examine socioeconomic differences across populations to better understand racial disparities in health.

Keywords: racial disparities; socioeconomic factors; vaccination coverage

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: July 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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