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Relationships of Protective Factors to Stress and Symptoms of Illness

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Objective : To examine relationships of work and individual protective factors to health outcomes.

Methods : Participants from 2 corporate samples completed measures of supervisor support, hardiness, coping, global stress, and symptoms of illness.

Results : Regression analyses indicated that higher scores on hardiness and approach coping and being male predicted lower scores on stress and symptoms of illness. Additionally, supervisor support predicted fewer symptoms of illness but did not have a spillover effect onto stress.

Conclusions : Interventions that enhance individual protective factors primarily and work protective factors secondarily may be most effective in reducing stress and illness among employees.
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Keywords: approach coping; hardiness; stress; supervisor support; symptoms of illness

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-07-01

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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