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Parental Smoking, Closeness to Parents, and Youth Smoking

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Objectives : To examine parent closeness and its effect in predicting youth smoking when 0, 1, or 2 parents smoked.

Methods : Youth and parent smoking, closeness to parents, family structure, and gender and ethnicity among middle (n=17,468) and high school (n=5457) students were measured using a questionnaire.

Results : Number of parents smoking incrementally moderated the protective effect of all 4 measures of parent closeness, in predicting youth smoking.

Conclusions : Addressing parent smoking and strengthening family relationships need significantly greater emphasis in interventions to further reduce youth smoking.

Keywords: adolescents; closeness; parents; smoking

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: May 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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