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Neighborhood Deprivation and Health Risk Behaviors in NHANES III

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Abstract:

Objective : To examine whether neighborhood-level socioeconomic status is an independent risk factor for health risk behaviors.

Methods : Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were linked with census tracts from the 1990 US Census. Outcome variables included biomarkers for smoking and high dietary fat intake, and self-reported excessive alcohol consumption and physical inactivity.

Results : Multivariate logistic regression showed an association between high levels of neighborhood deprivation and increased odds of health risk behaviors independent of sociodemographic factors, BMI, and comorbidities.

Conclusion : Living in highly deprived neighborhoods is associated with risky health behaviors.

Keywords: alcohol drinking; cotinine; epidemiology; exercise; health behavior; residence characteristics

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.31.2.10

Publication date: March 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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