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Demographic, Health, and Behavioral Factors Associated With Smoking in Adults with Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes

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Objectives : To identify demographic, health, and behavioral factors associated with smoking behavior in adults with diabetes.

Methods : Canadian adults 18+ years with type 1 (n=697) or type 2 (n=1621) were investigated. Logistic regression analyses were conducted separately for both diabetes subgroups.

Results : When comparing never versus ever smokers, never versus current smokers, and former smokers who quit versus current smokers, similarities and differences for demographic, health, and behavioral factors were found for the 2 diabetes subgroups.

Conclusions : Diabetes type, demographic, health, and behavioral factors should be considered when tailoring smoking cessation and prevention programs.

Keywords: diabetes type; smoking behavior; smoking factors

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2007-01-01

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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