Psychosocial Correlates of Dietary Intake Among Overweight and Obese Men

Authors: Hagler, Athena S.; Norman, Gregory J.; Zabinski, Marion F.; Sallis, James F.; Calfas, Karen J.; Patrick, Kevin

Source: American Journal of Health Behavior, Volume 31, Number 1, January 2007 , pp. 3-12(10)

Publisher: PNG Publications

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Objectives : To investigate the relationship between theoretically based psychosocial constructs and dietary components among overweight men.

Methods : Participants were 441 men (BMI M = 34.2). Psychosocial constructs included self-efficacy, decisional balance, social support, and behavior change strategies. Dietary components were fat, fiber, and fruit and vegetable intake.

Results : All significant findings were in the expected direction. Multiple regression models indicated that the psychosocial factors accounted for the most variance in vegetable intake (R2=.13) and the least variance in fat (R2=.05).

Conclusions : Theoretically based psychosocial constructs were related to overweight men's dietary intake and have potential for use in tailored behavior-change interventions.

Keywords: behavior change; correlates; nutrition; obesity

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2007

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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