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Correlates of Self-Regulation for Physical Activity Among Older Adults

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Objectives: To examine correlates of self-regulation (personal regulation of goal-directed behavior or performance) for physical activity (PA) in older adults. Methods: A convenience sample (N=296) of older adults was surveyed (M age=70.4 years). Results: Hierarchical regression analyses revealed current PA engagement and sets of sociodemographic, health-related, and theoretical variables as independent correlates of self-regulation (model R 2 = 37, P <0.0001). In the final model, female gender, older age, social support, self-efficacy, and greater PA were positive, independent correlates. Conclusions: Self-regulatory strategies are vital to PA promotion across the life span. Therefore, it is important to understand factors associated with self-regulation and use this information for intervention design and implementation.

Keywords: correlates; older adults; physical activity; self-regulation; social cognitive theory

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2006-11-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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