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Characteristics and Correlates of Quitting Among Black and White Low-income Pregnant Smokers

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Objectives: To examine race-specific differences in correlates of cessation in low income pregnant women. Methods: Two hundred forty-eight low-income black and white pregnant women who smoked regularly prior to pregnancy were interviewed to assess several potential correlates of quitting. Results: Race differences emerged in characteristics commonly thought to influence quitting including income, education level, marital status, nicotine dependence, and smoking history. However, race was not correlated with having quit smoking, nor did it influence the effect of other variables in quitting. Conclusions: Factors that influence the decision to quit smoking during pregnancy do not appear to differ between low-income black and white women.
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Keywords: low-income; prenatal; race/ethnicity; smoking cessation

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2006-11-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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