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Socioeconomic Determinants of Planned Methadone Treatment

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Objectives: To examine socioeconomic characteristics associated with planned methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). Methods: We performed multiple logistic regressions using data from the 1998 Treatment Episode Data Set, which tracks admissions for substance abuse treatment. Results: MMT was more prevalent among heroin users than nonheroin users. Among heroin users, females, Hispanics, Southerners, the employed, and those who are not homeless or in jail are more likely to be planned to receive MMT. Among nonheroin users, females were less likely to be planned for MMT. Conclusions: Greater effort may be necessary to extend MMT to vulnerable populations.
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Keywords: drug use; methadone; socioeconomic status; treatment; vulnerable population

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Associate Professor and Director, Health Management Program, College of Applied Sciences and Arts, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL. 2: Research Health Scientist, VA GLA HSR&D Center of Excellence for the Study of Healthcare Provider Behavior, Sepulveda Ambulatory Care Center and Nursing Home, Sepulveda, CA and Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Health Services, UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA. 3: Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL. 4: Associate Professor, Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, UNT Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX.

Publication date: 2006-09-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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