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Factors Associated With Quitting Smoking at a Tobacco Dependence Treatment Clinic

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Abstract:

Objective: To identify factors associated with successful quitting at a free tobacco treatment clinic. Methods: A cohort study of the first 1021 patients who made a quit attempt. Baseline and treatment variables were recorded, and logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with abstinence at 4-week and 6-month follow-up. Results: Three hundred twenty (31.3%) patients reported tobacco abstinence at 6 months. Several markers of low socioeconomic status and high nicotine dependence were predictive of poorer smoking cessation outcomes. Compliance with evidence-based treatment was associated with improved treatment outcome, as was older age and having more than 2 children. Conclusions: Efforts should be made to enhance treatment compliance among smokers with indicators of high nicotine dependence and low socioeconomic status.

Keywords: tobacco treatment smoking cessation group predictors

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.30.4.6

Affiliations: 1: Tobacco Dependence Program (TDP), University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ)School of Public Health (SPH), New Brunswick NJ and Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Department of Psychiatry, Piscataway, NJ 2: TDP, UMDNJ-SPH, New Brunswick NJ and Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Department of Medicine, New Brunswick, NJ 3: TDP, UMDNJ-SPH, New Brunswick NJ 4: TDP, UMDNJSPH, New Brunswick NJ and Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Department of Psychiatry, Piscataway, NJ 5: Mayo Clinic Nicotine Dependence Center, Rochester, MN 6: Department of Epidemiology, UMDNJ-SPH, Piscataway, NJ

Publication date: July 1, 2006

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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